Kilims or Gilims are flatwoven textiles with a woollen weft on a woollen, goat hair or cotton warp. There are many different techniques and designs. The weaver normally works within a tradition of techniques, motifs and designs specific to a particular area or ethnic group. The designs relate to her natural surroundings, protection, fertility and the harmony of family relationships. Each weaver adds something from her own creativity and sense of composition. Kilims are often woven as part of a marriage dowry and can be used to create many different objects like storage bags, horse-blankets, baby carriers, blankets and wall and floor coverings.
This vintage kilim was hand-woven on a simple loom by a village or nomadic weaver for her own use. Probably the weaver used wool from her own sheep. The wool was first cleaned, then hand-carded, hand-spun and finally dyed by hand, often using natural dye materials like roots, nuts, berries, fruits, flowers and plants. Kilims from the last quarter of the twentieth century mostly use synthetic dyes. This kilim would have taken many months to complete.
All our kilims selected in the country of origin and are professionally washed and restored before we import them directly from Iran, Turkey and Afghanistan. Natural patina and charming imperfections in design and colour (abrash) are highly valued characteristics of hand-woven kilims.
During the eleventh and twelfth centuries Nigde, south-east of Aksaray, became an important town controlling the mountain pass on the northern trade link from Cilicia (now Adana) to inner Anatolia. The surrounding area is agriculturally fertile and rich in minerals.
Nigde designs often feature hexagonal serrated motifs, possibly derived from the “Otoman carnation” design, arranged in rows segmented by zig-zag vertical lines. Again these designs are influenced by nearby Konya, and are often labelled as Konya-an atribution that is now wholly incorrect, as Nigde does in fact lie within Konya province. Colours are varied, and are similar to Konya kilims.
This semi-antique Nigde kilim has a very large central medallion which occupies the whole central field.
Material: 100% hand-spun sheep wool
Size: 135×100 cms
Origin: Nigde, Turkey
Date of weaving: 1950s